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31/5000 2020 Nián Bàofèi Liàng Jiāng Chāo 24.8 Wàn Dùn Guójiā Dàlì Tuīdòng Dònglì Diànchí Huíshōu Lìyòng The Amount Of Scrapping In 2020 Will Exceed 248,000 Tons. The State Vigorously Promotes The Recovery And Use Of Power Batteries

According  to the Ministry of Industry and Information, in the first three  quarters of this year, China's NEV production and sales reached 424,000  units and 398,000 units respectively. According to the plan, the cumulative production and sales of new energy vehicles in China will reach 5 million by 2020. As the scale of new energy vehicles continues to expand, China has become the world's largest power battery producer. As  the power battery average retirement period of 5-8 years, it is  predicted that by 2020 the battery scrap will exceed 248,000 tons, about  20 times the amount of scrap in 2016. Power battery recycling is imminent.


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Scrap  batteries if not properly handled, not only will result in waste of  resources, the environment will also cause huge pollution. At  present, the main power battery in China mainly lithium iron phosphate,  there are some ternary lithium batteries, and a small amount of lithium  titanate, lithium cobalt oxide, lithium manganese oxide batteries. The  common feature of such batteries is that they have a significant  negative impact on the environment, whether they be cathode materials,  anode materials, or electrolytes, including new high-energy lithium-ion  batteries such as high-energy battery cells that may emerge in the next  few years No exception.


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When  NPC Standing Committee examined and examined the "Solid Waste Law" law  enforcement inspection report in a separate group, Luo Baiming, vice  chairman of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Committee of the NPC, once  proposed: "What should we do if the booming and deteriorating electric  vehicles and batteries scrapped? To arrive, imminent. "How to safely recover, environmental protection  and strengthen the recycling of used batteries standardized, has become a  topic of universal concern to the industry.

In this context, the new energy battery recycling management system and related rules are urgently introduced. Ministry  of Industry has made its position, for the new energy vehicles battery  recycling, will establish a producer responsibility extension system. Car manufacturers in the sale of new energy models need to be responsible for battery recycling.

Power  battery recycling there are two main recycling processes, respectively,  for the use of recycling and dismantling recycling. Power  battery performance will decline with the increase in the number of  charging, when the battery capacity decay to less than 80% of rated  capacity, the power battery is not suitable for electric vehicles. At this moment, the decommissioned power battery is utilized in the  fields of energy storage, distributed photovoltaic power generation,  low-speed electric vehicles and the like, and is called as echelon  utilization. When the battery can not be used for echelon utilization,  it needs to be disassembled and recovered.

Undoubtedly, the accumulation of technology is crucial for the battery utilization. For  enterprises, R & D investment should be continuously increased to  improve efficiency and reduce costs, while the government should  increase its support for technological innovation. From this perspective, companies with the technical expertise and advantages will dominate the power battery recycling market. For  the dismantling and recycling of power battery, the entire industrial  chain should be expanded to promote synergies between upstream and  downstream to build a sound recovery system. At the same time, due to the fact that most of our cobalt, nickel and  lithium resources rely on imports, the imbalance between supply and  demand of battery metal materials highlights the fact that enterprises  should also increase the recovery rate of cobalt, nickel, manganese and  lithium metal resources.

There  is huge market for recycling and dismantling waste batteries in China,  but the current scrap volume is small, the recycling channels and  recycling system are not yet mature, and the enterprises are still in  the stage of technology accumulation and R & D. The disposal of used  batteries is still in the market and technical cultivation stage. With the increase of battery scrap in the future, in the face of the  continuous growth period of used batteries, we need to increase  investment in exploring business models and speeding up technological  challenges in terms of recovery, transportation, disassembly and  utilization of echelon.


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The  healthy development of any industry is inseparable from the norms and  standards system, if the power battery echelon utilization and recycling  technology thresholds and processes, such as not to regulate and guide  the industry will chaos, and thus affecting the battery industry and new  energy vehicles industry.

The  good news is that China's first national standard for battery  recycling, "vehicle power battery recycling specifications" from  December 1 this year, the official implementation. Clearly  pointed out that recycling dismantling enterprises should have the  relevant qualifications to further ensure the safety of battery power,  environmental protection and efficient recycling. In addition, on February 1 next year, "car battery recovery and  utilization of energy to detect" three new national standard battery  will also be officially implemented.

Reason  to believe that with the release of national standards, the current  chaotic power battery recycling and utilization of the ladder is  expected to change. This  standard sets strict requirements on the safety, operation procedure,  storage and management of the recycling of used power batteries, and  regulates the recycling, dismantling, professional technology and  recovery system of automotive power batteries in China, To solve the problem of industry development.

Obviously,  relative to the raw materials of mine production, metal recycling is  much better, and it has great advantages in energy conservation and  emission reduction. The recovery of power battery is related to the  issue of building a low-carbon economy and environment-friendly. The  state vigorously promotes the recovery and utilization of power battery It is imperative.


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